Legal Services in the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement: First Analysis The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The agreement supports the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union and Euratom (Article 1), contains a clear definition of the UK`s territorial scope (Article 3) and ensures legal responsibility for the agreement (Article 4). In addition, until the end of the transitional period, the United Kingdom will be denied access to « any network, information system and database based on EU law » (Article 8). The agreement still needs to be approved by the 27 EU countries, the UK and the European parliaments. EU ambassadors would review the agreement after a meeting of the Committee of Standing Representatives of Member State Governments (Coreper) on 25 December. EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier (C) holds the 2,000 pages at a special session of the Coreper alongside Greek (R) representatives to present the details of the Brexit trade deal on 25 December 2020 in Brussels, Belgium. [Pool/EPA/EFE] Thirdly, the annexes, which concern reservations and derogations from the provisions of the agreement, are organised according to the definition of legal services contained in the text (and therefore, unlike existing EU trade agreements).
This in turn increases clarity and transparency with respect to the obligations and persistent restrictions that apply to the legal sector. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   In Brussels, the European Commission proposed to implement the agreement on an interim basis until 28 February. « This should be the beginning of a moment of national renewal for us, » Frost said, repeating that the agreement allowed Britain to leave the internal market and customs union without complying with the EU and the European Court of Justice. Despite the complexity of the document, which contains explanations and related agreements on nuclear cooperation and the exchange of classified information, both sides suggested that they would precipitate the hypothesis.