The Indian Contract Act of 1872 made it clear that there was a slight gap between the non-life agreement and the illegal agreement. A no agreement is an agreement that should not be prohibited by law, when an illegal agreement is strictly prohibited by law and the parties to the agreement may be sanctioned for the conclusion of such an agreement. An inconclusive contract is considered invalid at the time of its creation, most often because of requirements that do not comply with a valid contract. For example, a contract in which both parties are minors is invalid because minors do not have the force of law, and an agreement on drug trafficking is null and void because it is against the law. The term « nullig » does not mean a legally binding agreement and an « agreement » means consensus between the parties on an approach. Simply put, an agreement in vain is an agreement that is not legally binding, i.e. an agreement that is not applicable by law is illegal. The difference between nullity treaties and illegal treaties is subtle but important. In 1872, the Indian Contract Act defined the boundary between non-legal and illegal agreements. It is very likely that a non-binding agreement is not authorized by law and that an illegal agreement is strictly prohibited by law. Both parties can be disciplined for joining an illegal agreement. As a no-go agreement is not valid from the outset, it has no legal consequences.
No aspect of an illegal agreement is ever considered legal. An inconclusive agreement has no legal consequences, as it is null and void from the outset. On the other hand, an illegal agreement is devoid of any legal effect, since it is in the process of being implemented. All illegal agreements are null and for none, but it is not the other way around. Where an agreement is illegal, other related agreements are considered invalid. A cancelled contract is a valid agreement between two parties, in which only one of the parties is normally bound by the terms of the contract. A cancelled contract can still be executed under the law; However, a party has the option of terminating the contract if the contract has one or more defects of law, such as. B: Any illegal agreement is non-conclusive, but not all nullity contracts are illegal.
Agreements on an illegal agreement are null and for all. The classic example is the illegal agreement of a murder for rent. Because murder is illegal, two parties cannot enter into a contract to kill. If he has not paid his fees, a drummer cannot go to court and sue the other party for breach of contract because the contract is illegal and not sharp. Some illegal arrangements, including murder for rent, are crimes in themselves. The Indian Contracts Act is governed by the Indian Contract Act of 1872. However, the Contract Act does not codify the entire law of contracts, the law also expressly preserves any use or use of trade or any incident of a contract that is not inconsistent with the provisions of the law. Contract law is limited to the application of voluntary civil obligations. Contract law is not able to deal with the full range of agreements, many agreements remain outside the jurisdiction because they do not meet the requirement of a contract. A contract is an agreement; An agreement is a promise and a promise is a proposal adopted.
Any agreement is therefore the result of a proposal on the one hand and its adoption on the other. A contract is considered a contract if it is legally applicable. Section 10 of the Act deals with the conditions of enforceable force, according to this section, a contract is a contract when it is made for consideration, between the parties who are competent for the contract, with free consent and for a legitimate purpose. 2. Types of contracts on the basis of its validity: – (i) Valid contract: A contract that has all the essential elements of a contract is referred to as a valid contract. A valid contract can be enforced by law. (ii) Empty Contract [Section 2 (d)] : An agreement that is not applicable by law is considered non-applicable.