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The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

The Nunavut Land Claim Agreement was signed on May 25, 1993 in Iqaluit by representatives of the Tunngavik Federation of Nunavut (now Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated), the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories. This agreement gave the Inuit of the Central and Eastern Northwest Territories a separate area called Nunavut. It is the largest Aboriginal subdivision in Canadian history. [1] The NLCA consists of 42 chapters dealing with a wide range of political and environmental rights and concerns, including wildlife and harvesting rights, land, water and environmental management rules, parks and protected areas, cultural heritage resources, employment and public procurement, and a number of other issues. [2] The agreement identifies two areas at the heart of the agreement: the first consists of the Arctic and continental eastern Arctic islands and its adjacent maritime areas; the second area includes the Belcher Islands, associated islands and adjacent maritime areas. [2] In 2003, the ITT played an important role in forming a coalition of First Nations and Inuit organizations, which had modern contracts to push the federal government to adopt a policy to fully implement comprehensive land arrangements and to modify government mechanisms to ensure the adoption of « whole government approaches. » In 2004, the NTI invited the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development of the Office of the Auditor General of Canada to review the omission of DIAND in the implementation of the provisions of the environmental and socio-economic monitoring agreement. Shortly thereafter, a formal review of the implementation of the Gwich`in, Nunavut and Sahtu agreements by the Auditor General of Canada supported the coalition`s analysis and position. Barry Dewar is a retired federal public servant with a 30-year career in Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, which focuses on Aboriginal rights and rights. From 1979 to 1993, he was a member of the federal nunavut claim negotiating team and, from 1986 to 1993, a senior federal negotiator. He then served as Director General of Self-Management Negotiations and General Manager of the Global Demands Division. A limit was essential both for the foe claim contract and for the political development process. Following an investigation that revealed a persistent disagreement between Inuit and Dene, the federal government asked John Parker, a former NWT representative, to recommend a uniform boundary between the two claim areas. Despite great dissatisfaction with parts of the Parker Line, Inuit leaders reluctantly accepted the border in July 1991, subject to a number of concessions at the national action table on land quantum and property rights.

The urgent need for a demarcation line for the Nunavut and border process was the decisive factor for Inuit leaders. Had Nunavut not been in the equation, the border issue could have resulted in or fragmented the land`s claim to the founder or fragment into three regional Inuit claims. At the country`s advocacy table, energy focused on a frightening regional land identification process involving the 27 Inuit municipalities. Equally urgent was the need to address the claims between Inuit and other Aboriginal groups, including the determination of the boundary between Inuit and Métis rights in the NWT. Within the federal system, Northern Program Deputy Minister Richard Van Loon and Northern Program Director General of Constitutional Development Jack Stagg served in the oversight and strategic coordination. However, operationally, negotiations on land requirements and the political development process continued on separate paths. Given the schedules and the work pressure, there was virtually no contact between the federal team and the federal Northern Program team working on the Nunavut process.